On May 17, 2018, the European Commission released a legislative proposal for the first ever CO2 emissions standards for heavy duty vehicles in the European Union. The EU has no current limits on CO2 emissions from heavy duty trucks, which according to Reuters “make up a quarter of all road transport emissions while making up just 5 percent of vehicles on the road.”
The drinking age in the United States has historically teetered between 18 and 21. Under pressure surrounding the Vietnam War, Congress rolled back the minimum drinking age from 21 to 18 to reflect the draft age. Proponents of this rollback would argue that if draftees were old enough to fight for their countries, they should be old enough to drink, following the same rationale that pushed the 26th Amendment through, dropping the voting age from 21 to 18.
A little over a month ago, in our article “Fueled by Auto Industry Support, Bike Sharing Systems are Taking Over Cities” we noted how cities and urban planners continue to struggle with the “last mile issue” facing their residents using public transit systems. In that April 16, 2018 article, we noted how cities are integrating Vehicle-to-Vehicle and Vehicle-to-Infrastructure communication systems as well as bike-sharing programs in an effort to curb urban congestion and improve transit efficiency. Continuing along this route, cities are now looking at how ride-sharing and ride-hailing apps such as Via, Lyft, Uber, and others can either fill these gaps, or completely replace public transit systems as we know them today.
A coalition of states has opened a new front in the ongoing battles between the Trump Administration’s efforts to streamline regulations applicable to industry and the interests favoring additional regulation. In response to the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s (“U.S. EPA’s”) recent announcement that the agency will ease greenhouse gas (“GHG”) emission standards applicable to light-duty vehicles, a group of states have gone to court to oppose that change.
For automotive suppliers, some of the most important terms in any contract for the purchase or sale of goods are the warranties that apply to those goods. This article will address one particular kind of warranty – the warranty of fitness for particular purpose.
A warranty of fitness for particular purpose generally arises in one of two ways. First, similar to the implied warranty of merchantability addressed in previous posts on this blog, a warranty of fitness for particular purpose will be implied by law under the Uniform Commercial Code (“UCC”) if certain conditions are met. Specifically, UCC 2-315 provides that:
Where the seller at the time of contracting has reason to know any particular purpose for which the goods are required and that the buyer is relying on the seller’s skill or judgment to select or furnish suitable goods, there is unless excluded or modified under the next section an implied warranty that the goods shall be fit for such purpose.